Bleeding from the kidneys: what is the cause for bleeding from the
kidney; are you getting blood in your urine? Get to know the
possible causes of bleeding in the kidneys, the symptoms and the
associated risk factors.
The kidneys are an important organ in the homeostasis of the entire
body. It is responsible for the regulation of base acid balances,
concentration of the electrolytic substances, extracellular volume
of the fluids in the body, as well as blood pressure regulation.
Secretion, re-absorption and filtration are the main tasks performed
by the kidneys that take place in the nephrons.
The main function of the kidneys is filtering of the blood. The
whole blood in the human body has to pass through kidneys many times
in a day. The kidneys help in controlling the fluid balance of the
body, remove wastes as well as aid in regulating the electrolytes
balance in the body. While performing the process of filtering
blood, the kidneys create urine, which is collected in the pelvis.
Sometimes, a condition might arise when you notice some blood in
your urine which might be the result of bleeding from the kidneys.
This condition is termed as Hematuria. Some causes of bleeding from
the kidneys might be exercising strenuously and intake of drugs like
aspirin. However, if you notice bleeding from the kidneys in your
urine, it is definitely a matter of concern denoting a serious
Types of blood appearing in urine
Two kinds of blood can be noticed in urine. One is referred to as
Gross Hematuria in which you can see blood from your own eyes in
your urine. Another is Microscopic Hematuria, where you have to
undergo urine testing to find blood samples in your urine. No matter
what Hematuria it is, it is necessary to find the reason behind the
bleeding from the kidneys.
Symptoms that your urine has blood!
If you are suffering from Hematuria or bleeding
from the kidneys, the visible symptom is that your urine will be
pink, red or dark brown in color which is caused by the presence
of RBCs in the urine.
Only a small amount of blood can cause
discoloration of the urine and the bleeding from the kidneys is
usually not painful.
However, if you notice some blood clots in your
urine, then it might be a little discomforting.
Although, mostly bleeding from the kidneys occur
and you cannot notice the blood in urine which will be visible
only when tested under a microscope.
Most of the times, Hematuria are not very serious. However it is
recommended that you consult your doctor as soon as you spot blood
in urine. There are some drugs and medicines or some kind of foods
like beetroot etc that can cause your urine to turn red. A change in
the color of urine because of some foods, medications and exercising
will go away in few days.
Causes of bleeding in the kidneys
Bleeding from the kidneys occur when blood cells leak to urine.
Following might be the causes:
Infections in the urinary tract- such infections
occur when bacteria and pathogens enter your body through the
urethra and reproduce in the urinary bladder.
Kidney infections- entering bacteria in the
kidneys through your bloodstream.
Kidney stones-the minerals present in the urine
might precipitate out sometimes and form crystals on kidney and
An enlarged prostate- in older men, the prostate
gland might begin to grow and enlarge, causing the urethra to
get compressed, blocking the urine flow partially.
Cancer- bladder cancer or prostate cancer might
also be the reason for bleeding from the kidneys.
Inherited disorders- like sickle cell anemia,
which is a hereditary defect found in hemoglobin of RBCs can
also be the cause of bleeding from the kidneys.
Kidney injuries- some past accident or blow near
your kidneys might also cause bleeding from the kidneys.
Risk factors involved
The risk factors that affect people when they suffer from bleeding
from the kidneys might depend on the following points:
Sex- almost 50% of women suffer from some sort of
urinary path infection at some point of their lives which might
cause appearance of blood in their urine.
Age- most of the men belonging to older ages
notice bleeding from the kidneys because of enlargement of their
Family history- you have a higher chance of
getting blood in your urine if it is in your family history.
Although prevention of Hematuria is not that effective but reducing
the risk of getting Hematuria is possible. Drink lots of water to
flush out the harmful toxins and reduce the salt intake to prevent
the formation of stones. Stop smoking and maintain a healthy weight
as well as consume a healthy diet. Intake of herbal therapies like
Glytamins for kidney stones, scientific literature shows that Chanca
Piedra, (one of the main ingredients) has been used over time to
support the dissolution of calcium oxalate and uric acid crystals,
the main constituents of kidney stones can be fruitful in reducing
the symptoms of kidney related problems. So, set out for a healthier