Deficiency of iodine: about iodine deficiency, importance of iodine
in our daily diet, what are the symptoms of iodine deficiency? How
can they be treated? How to prevent iodine deficiency?
Iodine is a critical element required by your thyroid gland for the
production of thyroid hormones. Deficiency of iodine will cause the
thyroid gland to enlarge as it deliberately tries to increase the
release of thyroid hormones. This enlargement in the thyroid can
lead to a lump in the neck called as goiter. On fall of thyroid
levels, hypothyroidism develops.
Iodine is found in little amounts in the human system, in which the
only known responsibility of iodine lies in the production and
synthesis of the thyroid hormones. Although, obtained primarily by
means of food and diet, iodine is also an active component of some
drugs and medications.
All over the world, the soil in wide geographic areas has deficiency
of iodine. According to studies, almost 29 percent of the entire
world’s population is estimated to inhabit the areas of deficiency
of iodine.This occurs mostly in mountain areas like the Alps in
Europe, Andes, and the Himalayas where the element of iodine has
been eroded away by flooding and glaciation. People who eat only
local made foods in such areas are at an increased risk for
deficiency of iodine.
Importance of iodine in your daily diet
The importance of iodine in your daily diet is manifolds. Eggs,
seafood, dairy products, some meats, seaweed and some bread are some
of the dietary sources that have good iodine contents. The best
solution to treat deficiency of iodine is to avoid it in the first
place. If at all it develops, however, its treatment by dietary
modifications and iodine supplementation is possible.
The significance of iodine as an essential nutrient for the body is
lots. Your body cannot survive without it. The current dietary
styles of people largely contains refined foods that are usually
grown on impoverished soil, brimming with antibiotics, pesticides,
and many other toxic chemicals and substances, often lacking in even
the minimal amount that is required for the essential nutrients.
Iodine is highly essential, yet deficiency of iodine is ever
increasing up to epidemic proportions all over the world and as a
result it is impacting your health to great extents.
Symptoms of iodine deficiency
Initially, deficiency of iodine may not show any symptoms. With the
reaction of thyroid to lower levels of iodine, there is an increased
production of thyroid hormones. This ultimately causes an enlarged
With the dropping in the levels of thyroid hormones, the metabolism
also slows down. This can result in constipation, weight gain,
fatigue and other symptoms. Prolonged and severe forms of
hypothyroidism that is a result of deficiency of iodine is often
associated with skin thickening, severe depression, protruding eyes,
heart failure, declining mental functions and coma.
Common symptoms exhibited with prolonged deficiency of iodine
Goiter (thyroid gland is enlarged, creating a lump of mass in
Increased sensitiveness to cold
Abnormalities in menstrual cycle
Thickening of skin
brittleness and thinning of nails and hair
Treatment of iodine deficiency
Should deficiency of iodine develop, it should be treated with
iodine replacement. Addition of iodized salt as well as foods rich
in iodine in your diet will be sufficient in achieving normal levels
of iodine. Often doctors suggest the intake of mineral and vitamin
supplements that are high in iodine. Because of the importance of
iodine during fetal as well as early childhood growth, breastfeeding
or pregnant women are recommended to take multivitamins supplements
that contain iodine.
However, in serious complications, it might be required to remove
the thyroid gland. This comes to the rescue particularly when it
becomes difficult to breathe or swallow because of a large goiter.
Thyroid replacement hormonal therapies are required in such cases of
Preventive measures to follow for iodine
The deficiency of iodine levels can be improved and prevented by
following these simple amendments in your daily lives:
Eating foods that are grown in soils that are
rich in iodine
Eating dairy products and meat
Eating seaweed or seafood
Taking mineral and vitamin supplements that are
high in iodine content
Making use of iodized salt while cooking
Such a great importance of iodine in your daily life
affects your health. Hence it is essential that you make sure to
involve the nutrient in your dietary habits that will be beneficial
in the nourishment of your child’s growth too. In case you are
suffering from disorders or early symptoms due to deficiency of
iodine, it is suggested to consider the intake of herbal supplements
such as Endosterol that boosts your
immune system and provides your body with the necessary nutrients to
lead a balanced and healthy life!