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Home > Remedy Link Protocols

Causes of Enlarged Thyroid

Enlarged Thyroid Treatments
Thyroid Disease Symptoms

Causes of enlarged thyroid: about the thyroid gland; what is an enlarged thyroid? What are the symptoms that your thyroid gland has increased in size? Also know the causes that might have caused the enlargement in the thyroid gland.

The thyroid gland is a small gland that can be found in the front portion of the neck that is responsible for producing hormones responsible for the regulation of the rate at which each and every cell in your body processes. Thyroid is usually quarter sized, but many problems can lead to the causes of enlarged thyroid. Some of the disorders include pregnancy, Graves' disease, thyroiditis and iodine deficiency. 

Hence, thyroid diseases can significantly have a great impact on a person's health. If the thyroid is secreting lesser amounts of thyroid hormone, the metabolism rate of the body slows down, leading to listlessness and other problems; however, an over secretion of thyroid hormone will result in a faster heart rating and feelings of anxiety. Behind such thyroid mechanisms and enlargement of thyroid, there are several causes of enlarged thyroid.

The enlargement in the thyroid gland, also called as goiter, is often a symptom of a thyroid disease. Because causes of enlarged thyroid can depict several different conditions, such as thyroid cancer, you should be proactive in consulting a physician to book an immediate examination. While goiter is just a thyroid disease sign indicating either hypo or hyper-thyroidism, it can also be caused due to nutritional deficiency, such as a lack in iodine content in the daily diet.

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Causes for enlargement in the thyroid gland

The causes of enlarged thyroid can be many and their treatment will usually vary depending on the type and nature of the cause. Some of the causes of enlarged thyroid are listed below:


Inadequate consumption of iodine is the one of the biggest causes of enlarged thyroid. Iodine can be found in shellfish and iodized salt. The thyroid gland makes use of this element to produce hormones. Therefore, when the pituitary gland will try to stimulate the thyroid gland for increasing its production, it will cause an enlarged thyroid gland.

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Graves' disease

This disorder is also one of the leading causes of enlarged thyroid gland. In Grave's disease, being an autoimmune system disorder, there is production of antibodies by the immune system that causes the production of large quantities of hormones by the thyroid gland. This over production, also called as hyperthyroidism, results in non-painful swelling in the thyroid gland.

Hashimoto's disease

Hashimoto's disease is another among the leading causes of enlarged thyroid gland. In this disease, your own immune system destroys the thyroid gland. The swollen and enlarged thyroid occurs since it is more damaged and has lost the ability to produce thyroid hormones.

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One of the causes of enlarged thyroid in women might be pregnancy. During this period, the body of a woman naturally secrete more hormones as compared to normal production. One of such hormones produced during this time, called chorionic gonadotropin, might cause a slight swelling in the thyroid gland.


Among the other causes of enlarged thyroid, thyroiditis is also a significant cause. This disorder is caused at times when you experience inflammation in the thyroid gland. Some kinds of thyroiditis are highly painful, especially during swallowing down or putting pressure on the gland. Such a condition of inflammation can also occur due to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid Nodules

These are very small growths that develop within the thyroid gland. These nodular growths can feel like hard lumps near the throat. Most of the thyroid nodules are only benign over-growths in the thyroid tissue, although some nodules can also be cancerous. A biopsy is the best and the only option that can determine if the lump is cancerous.

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Treatments or preventive measures that can be adopted

If you spot or experience any of the above stated causes of enlarged thyroid or an unlikely lump in your throat, go and consult your doctor so that you can determine the cause of the enlarged thyroid.

Some disorders, causing hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, can be efficiently treated with oral medicines. Hashimoto's Disease, for instance, is usually treated by thyroid replacement therapy, while the treatment of Grave's Disease is done with anti-thyroid medicines in combination with beta drug blockers. These drugs and herbal therapies such as Endosterol reduce the goiter size as well as associated symptoms.

However, many times more invasive type of treatment is needed on the presence of a thyroid problem. Thyroid cancer needs to be treated by surgery called as thyroidectomy, which involves the removal of the entire gland. For those suffering from thyroid nodules or hyperthyroidism radioactive treatment of iodine is a suggested solution. Unless a person is suffering from thyroid cancer, doctors generally try not to remove the thyroid by surgical procedures.

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