Prostate Cancer Treatments Currently Available Part 4Written by admin on August 26th, 2011
Some of the anti-cancer/chemotherapy drugs used to fight prostate cancer are:
• Estramustine phosphate
Chemotherapy is often used in conjunction with surgery, hormone therapy or radiation treatments in order to try and control the growth of cancer cells.
Surgery – the complete removal of the prostate is called a radical prostatectomy. This surgery is performed when the cancer has been localized, detected only within the prostate.
During the surgery all the tissue around the prostate will be removed as an added safeguard.
A radical prostatectomy is usually performed during the earliest stages of prostate cancer. The procedure is done under a general anesthesia. This surgical procedure carries with it a few risks; impotence or incontinence. If the cancer has spread, this operation may be repeated.
Hormone Therapy – although hormone therapy can successfully reduce the size of a tumor, it does not attack the cancer cells. Therefore, hormone therapy is rarely a “solo” procedure. Hormone therapy is used in conjunction with radiotherapy and/or surgery to help control the cancer.
Hormone therapy works by shutting off or reducing the amount of testosterone produced by the testicles. Testosterone stimulates cancer growth. An orchidectomy (complete removal of both testicles by surgery) will also successfully stop all manufacturing of testosterone. This procedure is performed in cases where prostate cancer has advanced to far and too quickly.
Cryosurgery – The surgeon goes in and pipes freezing gasses into the tumor and the surrounding tissues, causing the cancer cells to die off. This procedure is less invasive than any of the others available and carries with it no side-effects or complications.
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