Causes for enlarged kidney: what is an enlarged kidney? How can you
detect if your kidneys have enlarged? Also know about the various
causes that might lead to an enlarged or a swollen kidney along with
the probable symptoms and treatment options.
An enlarged kidney resembles polycystic disease of the kidneys that
is a genetic disorder in which many cysts develop within the
kidneys. Because of the development of the cysts, blockages are
caused that results in a fluid buildup, and this buildup results in
infection and is one of the main causes for enlarged kidney.
A noninvasive procedure such as an ultrasound can determine the
shape and size of the kidneys. Several different conditions can
prove to be the responsible causes for enlarged kidney and
ultrasound is a beneficial procedure for the finding of such
changes. Although some of the conditions may be involving only one
of your kidney, others may be responsible for causing bilateral
changes. In order to make a differentiation as to which condition is
behind the causes for enlarged kidney, the physician often requires
the history of the patient and other diagnostics like urine and
blood in addition to the ultrasound results.
Symptoms of enlarged kidneys
If you experience any or some of the following symptoms, then
possibly you are suffering from enlarged kidneys and you need to
consult a doctor before it’s too late.
The most common signs and symptoms pertaining to
polycystic kidney disorder are hypertension, mostly called as
high blood pressure and getting blood in your urine. Blockage in
your kidneys will prevent blood from reaching the kidneys like
it should. Upon sensing that the kidneys are not able to receive
enough blood, the circulatory system increases the heart rate,
hence pumping more and more blood leading to the problem of high
The major function of the kidneys is the
excretion of urine out of the system, and in conditions when the
kidneys are blocked with blood, then little blood might show up
in your urine too.
Back Pain- due to the causes for enlarged kidney,
the pressure on the abdominal cavity as well as the back
increases. Because of this reason, more severe signs of
polycystic kidney disorder include pains and abdominal cramps,
in addition to a severe back pain. Usually, it is the back pain
followed by abdominal pain that indicates the causes for
Kidney Stones- causes for enlarged kidney disease
has distinct characterization depicted by renal stones or renal
failure. Kidney infections causing abdominal pain as well as
pain experienced during urination is also possible.
Causes that lead to enlarged
Some of the common causes for enlarged kidney are listed below:
Polycystic Kidney Disorder- is a disorder in
which several cysts grow in the kidneys, leading to enlargement
in the kidneys. Mostly this disorder affects both the kidneys.
Continuous growth of the cysts begins interference with the
natural functionality of the kidneys and can gradually cut off
the supply of blood to the kidneys.
Hydronephrosis-on of the significant causes for
enlarged kidney, this is a disorder which occurs in conditions
when the urethra gets blocked, mostly because of kidney stones.
The disorder occurs mostly because of another disorder. Blockage
occurring in the tube of urethra might cause urine to flow back
up towards the kidney and lead to swelling.
Renal Cell Cancer- another one of the important
causes for enlarged kidney, kidney cell cancer spreads into the
small tubules of the kidney that help in sifting of blood and
removal of excessive toxins and waste. This condition develops a
tumor with time, which can be an exhilarating factor for the
enlargement of the kidneys.
Treatment for enlarged kidneys
In most of the causes for enlarged kidney, doctors choose the
treatments to cure the symptoms rather than removing the cysts.
Because of the fact that functions of the kidneys can be regulated
by proper medication and diet as well as by certain herbal therapies
like Glytamins which ca n help symptoms, and since numerous cysts
have formed over the time, removal of the cysts is hardly an option.
A doctor will usually opt in treating the symptoms and risk factors,
and then will choose to keep a vigilant eye on the performance of
the kidneys along with how the patient is progressing. It is
mandatory to have a grasp and control over the kidney infections so
that the causes for enlarged kidney do not let other organs suffer.
Moreover, in certain extreme cases there might be a necessity to
remove excess waste from the bloodstream through dialysis, or in
cases when dialysis fail to be effective, then removal of the
kidneys or going for kidney transplantation would be essential. A
transplant is usually required in cases when both the kidneys get
affected, or in case the patient is left with only one kidney and
that too has got enlarged.